Not feeling any sense of pessimism for the still nascent workers’ movement in China is impossible. The faltering manufacturing sector has been shutting down factories and laying off workers. The state sector is looking to cut down its bloated coal and steel enterprises with a potential loss of more than a million jobs. Some of the more vocal workers’ groups, which combine legal aid with a degree of labour organising, have been harassed and criminalised. Workers are resisting. The most symbolically powerful protest is by miners at who is formerly known as Anyuan, the birthplace of labour organising for the then tiny communist party activists in the 1920s. But materials gains made in the last twenty years are likely to be eroded, and activist organisational network in disarray. Will the labour movement be able to regroup to confront the assault?